Story No. 208 – Umm Salamah, Umme Salama, Umme Salma, Mother of the Believers, Mother of the Faithfuls

“Hind” – the daughter of Abu Umayyah ibn al-Mughirah al-Makhzumi and Atikah Bint Aamir, known as Umm Salamah (Umme Salama, Umme Salma, Umm-e-Salama) was the wife of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) after Hazrat Khadija (SA), who had distinguished and worthy qualities. Her family had such special greatness and nobility that her father, Abu Umayyah ibn al-Mughirah al-Makhzumi, was called “Zad-ar-Rakeb” which means the “owner of gifts and generosity towards his companions and fellow travelers”.


Umm Salamah (Umme Salama, Umme Salma, Umm-e-Salama) was one of the first believers who accepted Islam and migrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and also to Medina for protecting the divine ideals of Islam. The Verse of Purification (33:33) in the Noble Qur’an was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in her house. She was famous among her relatives and friends for her kindness, affection, and loyalty. The scholars have called her the great, the learned, and the visionary lady who had helped in different situations to solve various problems.


Umm Salamah’s first husband was her cousin, Abu Salamah ibn Abdul-Asad, who was obliged to migrate to Abyssinia because of the extreme oppression of the polytheists. And it was there that their daughter, Salamah was born and after her, their son, Omar was born. Omar was wise and reflective. Since he was brought up under his mother’s supervision, even in his youth he participated in all the battles along with Imam Ali (AS) and before that he had been the Governor of Bahrain.


Abu Salamah ibn Abdul-Asad participated in the Battle of Uhud and was badly injured and finally passed away. This learned Muslim had clear sighted vision that led to the uprooting of wrong traditions and tribal customs. Once when Umm Salamah wanted she and her husband to make a pact that upon the death of either of them the other would not remarry.


Her husband said never shall we make such a pact. He then stretched his hands towards the heavens and said: “O Allah! Please grant Umm Salamah a better husband after my death!”


After Abu Salamah ibn Abdul-Asad’s death, Prophet Muhammad (SAW) went to their house for offering his condolences to her and for soothing her pain and sorrow. He said: “O Allah! Please soothe her grief, compensate her suffering, and grant her a better substitute than her late husband. Umm Salamah was so distinguished in qualities of beauty, and the perfection of morals and because of that so many well-known personalities who were socially famous and wealthy asked to marry her. One can refer to Abu Bakr, the first caliph and Omar, the second caliph among them. But she accepted to marry the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) with a little dowry since she was a person of insight, reflective, and also learned. She was able to find an eminent place in the Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) heart after Hazrat Khadija (SA), the first wife of Prophet Muhammad (SAW).


Umm Salamah was a pious and learned woman who possessed eloquence and rhetoric. She owned the elixir of devotion and affection of the Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) house in a way that she was ready to do anything to make the Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) heart happy and remove his sorrows and grieves. She always sympathized with her dear husband. Therefore, she accompanied him in the Battle of Ditch, the Conquest of Makkah, the Siege of Taif, the Battle of Hawazen, Saghif and then the Farewell Hajj Pilgrimage. She was literate during Al-Jahiliya (The age of Ignorance) of Arabia when women were looked down upon.


Treaty of Hudaibiyah, (Noble Qur’an, chapter Al-Fath, 48:1)In the Treaty of Hudaibiyah, when the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) commanded the Muslims to shave their heads, to make sacrifices, and to return from Makkah to Medina according to the settlement, most of them did not obey. When Umm Salamah saw the Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) grief, she offered a wise suggestion and said:


“O Messenger of Allah! It is too hard for them to accept the settlement since they desired victory. You should stand up and go out without uttering a word, then sacrifice and shave your own head, and then they will obey!”


Afterwards all the Muslims stood up and obeyed Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) command.


Once she revealed her hidden thoughts to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and said: “O Messenger of Allah! Men struggle and participate in the battles, but women don’t, and they cannot be martyred. It is a great blessing that we are losing.


The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) explained to her the other substitute for women and said: “The woman’s struggle is in her relations to her husband.”


And afterwards Angel Gabriel (Hazrat Gibreel (as)) sent down the following words of Allah in the Noble Qur’an:


“And don’t covet that by which Allah has made some of you excel others; men shall have the benefit of what they earn and women shall have the benefit of what they earn; and ask Allah of His grace; surely Allah knows all things.” (Noble Qur’an, chapter An-Nisa, 4:32)


And then the follow verse was sent down.


“Surely the men who submit and the women who submit, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obeying men and the obeying women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women, and the humble men and the humble women, and the alms giving men and the fasting women, and the men who guard their private parts and the women who guard, and the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember Allah – has prepared for them forgiveness and a mighty reward.” (Noble Qur’an, chapter Al-Ahzab, 33:35)


Umm Salamah: Her love and eagerness towards the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW)


By accepting Islam, Umm Salamah soothed her long thirst by drinking from the pure and rich fountain of leaning. She struggled towards attaining eminent morals with the passing of each day and added to her knowledge and faith in the presence of her husband. She saw emotions, knowledge, and faith as valuable keys for obtaining cognition and wisdom, and because of her experience and clear thought and she was able to obey Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and his heavenly lessons by possessing those qualities.


After her marriage with the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) which made her superior to the rest of Prophet Muhammad Wives (Mother of the Believers, Mother of the Faithfuls) was her continuous attempt to obtain his satisfaction. She would like whatever the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) liked, and would avoid all the people and the objects, which he hated. Thus, she would always talk about the merits of Hazrat Khadija (SA), the first wife of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), would respect Imam Ali (AS), would show special affection towards Hazrat Fatima (SA) and would cook the favorite foods of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). And that was the reason that one could feel the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), had a special place for Umm Salamah in his heart.


This great lady Umm Salamah (Umme Salama, Umme Salma, Umm-e-Salama) was so eager to Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) words that she would leave all of her work and tasks half-done to use opportunities to listen to his great words. That was the kind of cognition and eagerness that put Umm Salamah among the reliable and truthful narrators. Some said that she narrated 378 Prophetic traditions and still some others believed that she had narrated 518, and all of them were heard from Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and from the members of the Prophet’s House, Ahlul Bayt (AS).


The five Holy Ones, Ahlul Bayt (AS)Umm Salamah’s competence – which can serve as an example – made all the five Holy Ones (AS) and the Imams trust in her. Thus, they would deposit their possessions with her and would even tell her their secrets. Once the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) informed her about events of Karbala and the martyrdom of his own dear grandson, Imam Hussain (AS), in advance. He entrusted some soil of Karbala in a glass to her and said: “Whenever you see that the soil of the glass changes to blood know that my grandson, Hussain (AS), has been martyred.”


On the 10th day of Muharram, 61 AD, Umm Salamah was sleeping in Medina in the afternoon. In her dreams she saw the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) while he was filled with sorrow and his clothes were dusty. He said: “I’m coming from Karbala and the burial of the martyrs.” Suddenly she woke up and looked at the glass, and she found that the soil had changed to blood. It was then that she knew that Imam Hussain (AS) was martyred. She started to mourn and cry. Others knew not about the event and Umm Salamah revealed the event. This event is famous as the “Gharoureh Tradition” in the narrations.


Umm Salamah: Love of Imam Ali (AS) and Hazrat Fatima (SA)


When Fatima bint Asad (mother of Imam Ali [AS]) passed away, Prophet Muhammad (SAW) chose Umm Salamah as the guardian of Hazrat Fatima (SA). Once this modest and concerned lady said: “I found Hazrat Fatima (SA) pouter than myself”. And also she herself said: “Hazrat Fatima (SA) is the only person who is most like Prophet Muhammad (SAW).”


When Umm-e-Ayman (Umm Ayman) asked for fixing the date of the marriage of Hazrat Fatima (SA), the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) asked: “Who is here?”


Umm Salamah (Umme Salama, Umme Salma, Umm-e-Salama) replied: “I’m here and this one is Zainab and those are such and such.”


The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: “Prepare a room for my daughter (Hazrat Fatima (SA)) and my cousin (Imam Ali (AS)) in my own house!”


Umm Salamah asked: ‘Which room do you command?”


The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) answered: “In your own chamber.” Then he asked his companions to go and get ready. This kind lady says: “I asked Hazrat Fatima (SA) if she had reserved some perfume for herself.” She answered: “Yes”.


And she brought a glass and poured some of it in my hands. It smelled very sweet and fragrant. I had never smelled it before. I asked where it had come from. She answered that it was a fragrance from Angel Gabriel’s (Hazrat Gibreel (as)) wings.


Marriage of Hazrat Fatima (SA)The night of her nuptial ceremony, the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) asked for all the bowls and the dishes. He filled all and sent them to his wives (Umm al-Momineen) houses. Then he asked for another bowl and put some food in it, and then he said: “This food is for Fatima and her husband.” When the sun set, he asked Umm Salamah to bring Hazrat Fatima (SA). She said: “I went to Hazrat Fatima (SA) while her dress was sweeping the ground as she walked and took her hands in mine.” Sweat was running down her face because of modesty. When she reached the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), she slipped because of embarrassment. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: “May Allah save you from all the mundane and other worldly slips!” When she was in front of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), he put aside the veil from Fatima’s (SA) face so that Ali (AS) could see his wife’s face.”


Days and weeks after the marriage, Umm Salamah was still like a kind and compassionate mother to Hazrat Fatima (SA) and it was an honor for her to be at the service of Hazrat Fatima’s (SA) children when Imam Hassan (AS) and Imam Hussain (AS) were born. The reliance of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), Hazrat Fatima (SA) and Imam Ali (AS) on Umm Salamah which could be easily seen in their words as well as their behavior can also be seen in the morals and words of Imam Hassan (AS) and Imam Hussain (AS). This shows the success and prosperity of this great lady who was always trustworthy for all the five Holy Ones.


Once the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) called his wife Umm Salamah (Umm al-Momineen) and entrusted her with the skin of a sheep on which was written many knowledgeable things. Then Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said to her: “Anyone who asks for this after me, he is Imam and the leader after me.”


Finally Umm Salamah, this distinguished and great lady passed away in Medina in 62 AD during Yazid’s regime when she was 84 years old. She was buried in the Baqi cemetery (Jannatul Baqi). She was the last surviving woman among the Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) wives or the Mother of the Believers or Mother of the Faithfuls.


The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers. (Noble Qur’an, chapter Al-Ahzab, 33:6)


Translated by Ms. Sareh Yadegari

Story No. 207 – Khadijeh mother of the orphans: (Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid, Bibi Khadija, Hazrat Khadija)

Though she was even wealthier than other rich people, unlike them, she always thought about helping the poor and sharing their sorrow and difficulties, and solving their problems.


For this reason, Khadijeh (Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid, Bibi Khadija, Hazrat Khadija) ordered her servants to never close the doors of her house to any poor person and to always have ready at hand the things the poor needed. She commanded her servants to inform her whenever a poor person wanted to talk to her or wanted something from her during the day or night. She could not bear the thought that a poor leaves her house in sorrow, not having received something from her.


So the deprived and poor knew the way to Khadijeh’s house and called that house, “The house of hope and security.” More than any other, the orphans sought refuge in her house, because Khadijeh (Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid, Bibi Khadija, Hazrat Khadija) sympathized with them a lot and she would care for them in a motherly way. So they called her “Ummul Yatama”, meaning, “Mother of the Orphans”.


Having talked about Khadijeh’s (S.A.) house, the following lines will help you gain a conception of her house.


The house where lived Khadijeh (S.A.) and from where she performed all the benevolent tasks for the poor, was one of the nicest in Makkah. It had two floors, each one of which was decorated by a small balcony. The northern section of the house so faced the Holy Kaaba (House of Allah) that the latter could be seen from its small windows. In addition to this, the visitors to Allah’s house could be seen too. The windows of the other three sides faced three of Makkah’s roads and every passenger entering Makkah could be seen from those windows. There was a green dome at the top of the building, which made it look a hundred times more beautiful. The interior of the house was divided into two sections, one of which Khadijeh (S.A.) kept for private usage and where no one was allowed without her permission.


Khadijeh (Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid, Bibi Khadija, Hazrat Khadija) chose the northern section of the house, which faced the Holy Kaaba as her living quarters, and from there she stood in front of the house of Allah and prayed to Him everyday.


The other section of Khadijeh’s (S.A.) house was for the guests. Special servants entertained the guests, looking after their needs. Everybody was satisfied when they left Khadijeh’s house. This is why all the people living in the region would call Khadijeh’s house, “the house of generosity and kindness”. In hard times, people would go and come back, hands full and happy. We can say that the section of Khadijeh’s house open to the public was home to many homeless, the poor, refugees, orphans and the oppressed. If anyone was looking for shelter, people would send him to Khadijeh’s house.


Khadijeh mother of the OrphanA famous writer described Khadijeh’s house as follows:


Every orphan who didn’t have anyone to depend on,

Every father who couldn’t get food for his children,

Every woman who was homeless,

Everybody who suffered and became shelter less,

All of them knew the way to Khadijeh’s (S.A.) house and went there.

They took refuge in her kindness and wealth.

The sore hearts of those people were treated with her favour and grace.


This was why Khadijeh’s house was always full of people. Whole day and night, there were coming and going activities there. Khadijeh (S.A.) would come to that section accessible to the public a few hours everyday. She would sit with her poor and homeless guests, talk and listen to their distress and difficulties. She would caress the children and wipe the tears of the mothers. Then she would call her private servant and he would bring some bags of money. Khadijeh (S.A.) would then distribute the money amongst the people.


Kind Khadijeh (S.A.) would always sit with the orphans at dinner and eat with them. She would herself feed the delicious food to them. She would place her hands around their faces, caress and kiss them, saying: “My dear children! Don’t feel like orphans. (I am your mother). I will support and love you like my own child.”


Khadijeh’s (S.A.) support and protection was not only for the orphans who didn’t have any parents, but also for those who had parents. During those days, known as Al-Jahiliya (The age of Ignorance), some fathers who were narrow-minded and foolish would bury their own daughters alive, for different foolish reasons. They were proud of this ugly and indecent act. On every opportunity, they would boast about what they had done. However, they never thought about the day of Judgement and that Allah will judge them:


“When the female (infant) who was buried alive will be asked for what sin was she killed.” (Noble Qur’an, 81:8-9)


During those days, this ugly and indecent act was common amongst some Arab tribes. They would kill their innocent daughters because of poverty and believed that having a daughter is something to be ashamed of. They would cowardly bury their daughters alive.


Then glowed the light of Islam forbidding such a practice. Allah says in Noble Qur’an:


“And do not kill your children for fear of poverty; We give them sustenance and yourselves (too); surely to kill them is a great sin.” (Noble Qur’an, 17:31)


As a result, when some mothers gave birth to a girl, their husbands would get angry at them. They either had to give their daughter to their cruel husband, who was free to do whatever he wanted to do to the innocent baby, or send the baby to Khadijeh’s (S.A.) house from where it could be supported and saved from being buried alive. Now we are going to tell you one of those stories.



O Khadija, among all the people of the world, you have attained a sublime position, the most honorable position. You have been granted the honor of being wife to Prophet Muhammad (saw), the great man whose peer has not been born by any woman in the whole world. All praiseworthy virtues and majestic qualities plus modesty are to be found in him and will be so forever.

One night, when darkness covered the region of the Hejaz / Hijaz (Arabian Peninsula), the wealthy, who had no conscience, were sleeping in their comfortable beds, putting their arrogant heads on their comfortable pillows. They were sleeping comfortably and never bothered about anyone or anything else as they had everything in the world. Also money was always at their disposal and they could do whatever they wished, even irrational. They thought that as long as the earth exists, they would have power.


On the same night, the poor and helpless people were sleeping in their dirty houses or beside the walls of some rich person’s house in the city or in Khadijeh’s (S.A.) house and they would try to forget all about their sorrow and misery, at least for that night.


During this dark night, the stars and moon were hiding behind the dark clouds. Not willing to see the prejudice and inequality amongst the human beings, they had stopped shining.


On that night, everybody was asleep except Khadijeh (S.A.) and her special servant and…………


Khadijeh (S.A.) was thinking in her private room. She was swimming in the sea of dreams and had surrounded herself with the turbulent waves of her thoughts.


Then suddenly someone knocked at her door. Khadijeh (S.A.), still dreaming, lifted her head and asked: “Who is it?” Someone answered: “It is me, my lady, Maysara.” Khadijeh (S.A.) replied: “Come in! I am awake. I can’t sleep tonight.” The door opened and Khadijeh’s special servant, Maysara, rushed into the room, all confused.


Maysara said: “As Salaamu Alaikum, my lady, I am sorry if I am bothering you.”


Khadijeh (S.A.) replied: “Wa Alaikum Salaam. What is wrong, Maysara? I see that you are worried. Has something happened or…?” Maysara answered: “No, no! Don’t worry. You yourself said that we should tell you whenever an indigent, helpless or an oppressed person wanted to see you.”


Khadijeh (S.A.) said: “Yes, yes. I myself said that. Now what has happened and who wants to see me and why?” Maysara answered: “My lady, a young woman carrying a heavy sack has come to the house. She was shaking and crying and her hair was untidy. She begged me to bring her to you. It seems that she came here because she is afraid and depressed.”


Khadijeh (S.A.) answered; “Very well. There is no problem. Tell her to come in. I myself told you to call me anytime, day or night if any helpless or homeless person wanted to see me. Don’t let that person leave this house in sadness or with empty hands”.


Maysara went to call the young woman to take her to Khadijeh’s room.


Khadijeh (S.A.) started thinking about that young woman and she told herself: “Oh Allah! What has happened to this poor woman in the middle of the night? What kind of problem has she faced that has caused her to leave her house alone at this time and to come to my house? Who is this helpless woman? Where does she come from? And why did she come here? Maybe she is a mother who came here with her sick child so that we can provide food and medicine for it.


“Maybe she is a slave who has come here because of her unjust master. Or maybe she is a chaste woman whose house the street ruffians entered by force to kill her husband or take her innocent child. Maybe none of these, but maybe her cruel husband wanted to take her innocent daughter away from her and bury the girl alive under the cold dust of the desert. Maybe for this reason, she took the baby and brought her here seeking refuge in my house.”


Many thoughts occupied the chaste mind of Khadijeh (S.A.) when suddenly the door opened. A young woman, whose head and face were covered with a veil, entered, crying. Tears had completely wet her red and dusty cheeks. Her arms and legs were shaking out of sorrow and she could only say: “As Salaamu Alaikum.” She then sat down on the floor and tried to kiss Khadijeh’s feet, but the latter stopped her and hugged her and kissed her face like a kind mother. Khadijeh (S.A.) asked her: ‘my daughter! What has happened? Why are you so upset? Be sure that whatever I can do I will do for you. Tell me, my daughter. Tell me what has happened.”


Khadijah Bint KhuwaylidThe young woman moved away from Khadijeh’s embrace and opened the heavy sack and placed it in front of Khadijeh (S.A.). She removed a beautiful baby from it, which was like the blossom of spring and hugged it.


After the young woman gave the baby many long and warm kisses while still in tears, she placed the baby in front of Khadijeh (S.A.) and said:


“Oh Lady of Quraish! Oh kind Khadijeh (S.A.) I beg you, please have mercy upon my baby and me. Look how beautiful it is and what beautiful black eyebrows it has. For the sake of Allah look how it looks at me with its sweet eyes. See what a beautiful smile it has. It seems that the baby understands what I say because it looks at me this way. The baby knows that I want to take it away from myself and give it to somebody else.”


Then the young woman looked at the sky and said: “Oh Almighty Allah! Save us from this insecure and ignorant situation and from dirty deeds. Send us a savior who can stop this savage situation and the cruel killings. What did this innocent baby do that makes its father want to bury it alive with no fear? What did I do wrong that I must give up my baby?


The woman prayed to Allah and then started crying even more. The baby, afraid of her mother’s cries started crying also.


Khadijeh (S.A.), who was quiet until this time, took the woman’s lovely baby and hugged it and sympathetically said to the young woman: “My daughter! Don’t worry. “I will keep and protect your baby like my own daughter, I know how you feel now and why you are so upset. I am a mother and I know the heartache of mothers. I will raise her and whenever you want, you can come here and see your baby.”


The young woman said: “What if my husband comes and wants to take her from you? He is an obstinate person. When I was pregnant, he told me: ‘If it is a boy, he is mine. If it is a girl, it belongs to the grave.’ He repeated this sentence everyday to bother me.”


Today when I felt the pains of delivery, I took refuge in the desert so I could deliver the baby. There, this beautiful girl was born. I didn’t return to the house because I knew if I took it to the house, it would have meant the grave for it; as a result, I came to your house because I knew that my daughter would be protected here.


Oh kind Khadijeh (S.A.)! We, the women of this region, know you very well. We know that you protect the orphans better than their parents, but I am still afraid that my angry husband may come here and get the baby from you.


“He may even hurt me and kill me for having given the baby to you. But it doesn’t matter. Let him kill me but my daughter will be alive.”


The young woman uttered these words and fell down at Khadijeh’s (S.A.) feet and started crying very hard. Khadijeh (S.A.) picked her up and placed her hand on the dusty hair of the young woman and very kindly said: “My daughter! I told you not to worry about your baby. I will raise her like my own baby and I will never give her to your husband. He can’t do anything here. If he comes here, I will hide her. Be sure that your baby is in a secure place. Now get up and rest a little bit. You don’t feel well. You have come a long way. Leave everything to Allah because Allah is closer and kinder to a person than anyone else.”


After the young woman heard the kind words of Khadijeh (S.A.), she went to a corner of the room and fell into a deep sleep. The great Khadijeh (S.A.), whose pure spirit was shaken by the recent incidents thought very hard about the things that the young woman had told her. Then she asked herself: What is this misfortune that is over coming the Arab fathers, that causes them to become so cruel and conscienceless as to bury their innocent babies alive with their own hands under tons of black soil? Do they fear poverty or feel ashamed?


The Lady of Quraish (Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid, Bibi Khadija, Hazrat Khadija) kept thinking about this unfortunate situation and deliberated as to how long this practice would continue. Having pondered deeply, she started to pray and commune with Allah. She said:


Bibi Khadija, Hazrat Khadija”Oh Allah! I swear by your Prophets and the people who are close to You. I beg You to send the Saviour that Jesus and the other Messengers have promised for these unfortunate and ignorant people so that this ugly, and unfortunate situation comes to an end. Only then would innocent mothers be able to hold their unprotected and innocent babies in their arms.”


After prayer, she went to sleep. She dreamt that the sun was rising from the sky and turned several times around the house of Allah. It then moved towards her house, where its huge brightness dazzled her eyes.


She woke up and realized that the day of Islam was near.

Story No. 133 – Farsighted [Save the honour of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw)]

A Jew lost his invaluable ring and accidentally a poor Muslim fellow found it. When this Muslim came to know that it belongs to that Jew he went to return it to him. The Jew smiled and asked him: “Do you know its value?”

The Muslim replied: “Yes”

“You found this and you are also a poor and a needy!” said the Jew.

“Yes, you are right.” The Muslim replied.

The Jew asked, “Did it not come to your mind that by selling this ring you can live a comfortable life as you had an excuse that it belonged to a Jew?”

The Muslim told him, “Why, I should have thought that way?”

“So why did you return this ring to me while I was not knowing that you have found it?” questioned the Jew.

The poor Muslim replied: “We believe on the Day of Judgement. I told myself that if I do not give this ring to the owner, then during the accounting of the deeds of the people during Qayamat my Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) and your Prophet Moses [Hazrat Musa (as)] would be sitting together and you will be complaining about this to your Prophet Moses [Hazrat Musa (as)] and then your Prophet Moses [Hazrat Musa (as)] would complain to my Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) that a person belonging from your Ummah (nation) has done such an act. And at that moment my Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) would not be able to answer him. I have returned this ring so that on the Day of Judgement, I save the honour of my Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw).

Moral of the story: Think like a Muslim, act like a Muslim and love Allah (SWT) and Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) like a true Muslim.

(Lessons from stories, Mohammad Mohammadi Ishtehardy)

Story No. 132 – Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) and his six true friends

In the third year after Hijrah (Migration), some members of the Ozal and Qareh tribes who resided near Makkah and apparently had the same origin with the Quraish tribe went to the honorable Prophet Muhammad (saw) and said, “Some members of our tribes have chosen Islam as their religion. Please send some Muslims to our tribes to teach us the meaning of religion, Noble Qur’an, Islamic principles and laws.”


Having heard this, the glorious Prophet Muhammad (saw) chose six of his Sahabah (Companions) to go with them. The leadership of those six was on the shoulders of Marand ibn Abi Marthad or Asem ibn Sabet.


Holy Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) messengers set off with that group and left Medina. They continued their way till they arrived in the domicile of the Hozail tribe and they alighted there. Holy Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) friends, were resting when suddenly a gang of people from the Hozail tribe attacked them with their swords.


Getting aware of the situation, the Holy Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) friends immediately went to their weapons and got ready to defend themselves.


The attackers swore that they would not intend to kill them but to hand them to the people of Quraish in Makkah in return for some money. They offered them a deal. Three of them including Asem ibn Sabet replied, “We never accept the meanness of dealing with Mushrikeen (polytheists).” They fought and were killed.


Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) and his six true friendsThe other three, Zaid ibn Dasaneh, Khabib ibn Oday and Abdullah ibn Tareq did accept and yielded.


The people of Hozail bound them with rope tightly and set off for Makkah. Abdullah ibn Tareq, getting near to Makkah, loosened the rope on his hands and reached his sword but the enemy did not waste any time and killed him.


Zaid ibn Dasaneh and Khabib ibn Oday, at the end of the trip, were sold in exchange for two captives of Hozail in Makkah.


Safvan ibn Umayyah Quraishi bought Zaid ibn Dasaneh. Safvan’s father was killed in the battle of Badr or Ohud so he intended to take his revenge on Zaid ibn Dasaneh and kill him.


Zaid ibn Dasaneh was taken out of Makkah. The people of Quraish gathered to see the scene. Zaid ibn Dasaneh came in with steady steps and there was no sign of fear on his face.


Abu Sufyan was watching the scene. He thought that it was the best time to make Zaid ibn Dasaneh insult the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) because it was the last moments of his life. Abu Sufyan went to Zaid ibn Dasaneh and said, “Do you not wish now that Muhammad was in your place and we would cut his neck while you would go to your wife and children comfortably?”


Zaid ibn Dasaneh replied, “I swear by Allah (SWT) that I do not like to see a thorn in the Holy Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) foot while I am resting at my house beside my wife and children.”


Abu Sufyan glared at him with his mouth open in surprise and then he turned his head back to the people of Quraish and said, “I swear by God I have not seen somebody’s friends love that person as much as Muhammad’s friends love him.”


Holy Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) friends loved him so much that they even could not see his foot injured with a thorn.


Having seen this love, Abu Sufyan, one of the arch enemies of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw), confessed that he had not seen somebody to be loved as much as Muhammad.


After a while, it was time for Khabib ibn Oday to be hanged so he was taken out of Makkah. Khabib ibn Oday asked them to let him say his Salaat (prayer). They let him and he said his prayer very humbly but quickly.


Then he turned to the people and said, “I swear by Allah (SWT) that if you did not accuse me of being frightened of death, I would say my prayer more.”


They bound him to the gallows tree. Then Khabib ibn Oday’s voice was heard while he was praying to Allah (SWT) in such a spiritual way that many people were influenced by it and some threw themselves on the ground.


What Khabib ibn Oday saying was is, “We performed the mission given to us by Your Messenger (saw), please let him know about what happened to us this morning. O Allah (SWT)! See these cruel people, destroy them all and do not let even one of them live.”


By Martyred, Morteza Motahhari in Attraction and Repulsion of Imam Ali (as)

Story No. 131 – Thawban, the Companion of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw)

Thawban was one of the freed slaves of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw). He was always with the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) at home or in journey. After the passing away of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) he stayed for some years in Syria and later for some time in Egypt. He was present at the time of the victory on Egypt. Thawban died at the age of 51 years.


It is found in Rewayat (narration) that he adored the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) so much that for a single moment he could not bear his absence. One day Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) saw him in a very sad mood. He appeared to be weak. Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) asked him, “O’ Thawban! What has happened to you? Thawban replied: “O Messenger of Allah! I am not ill nor have any pain, but, I am worried about your proximity which I will be missing in the Paradise. As you will be in a higher station and I am in a lower position. I will not be able to see you over there.”


At the same moment an Ayat (verse of Noble Qur’an) was revealed. “And whoso obeys Allah and the Messenger, and then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the truthful, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!” Noble Qur’an (4:69) [Bihar al-Anwar vol.2 pg.68)]


O Messenger of Allah! Indeed, I love you:


Aishah reported that a man came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and said: “O Messenger of Allah! Indeed, I love you more than I love myself, and I love you more than I love my family, and I love you more than I love my children. When I am at home and I think of you, I am unable to contain myself until I can come to you and look at you. When I think about my death and your death, I know that when you enter Paradise, you will be raised to where the Prophets are. But, if I enter Paradise, I am afraid: will I be able to see you?”


So, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not answer him at all until Jibril revealed to him: “And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace – of the Prophets, the truthful, the martyrs and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!” [an-Nisa, 4:69]


[Silsilat al-Ahadith as-Sahihah; #2933]

Story No. 9 – Ammar Yassir

Ammar ibn Yasir (May Allah be pleased with him)By one estimate, Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) was born four years before the year of the elephant, which means Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) was four years older than the Prophet Muhammad (saw), because Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was born in the year of the elephant.

When Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) announced the message of Islam at the age of forty, the poor and the persecuted listened to the message of Islam. They believed in it, so their hearts were filled with love for Islam.

On the other hand the traders and the rich of Quraish had spite against Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his message of Islam. Hence, they plotted against Islam and the Muslims. Abu Jahl was the most spiteful polytheist; he mistreated Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his followers very much.

Initially Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) met the believers secretly in al-Arqam’s house. He wanted to keep his religion Islam a secret so that Abu Jahl, Abu Sufyan and other polytheists would not hurt the Muslims or followers of Islam.

One day Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) came and saw a man, Suhaib standing at the door. Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) said to him: Suhaib, what are you doing here?

Suhaib answered: I have come to hear Holy Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) words. And what are you doing? I have come to hear his words, too.

Then Ammar ibn Yasir and Suhaib came into al-Arqam’s house. They humbly began listening to Allah’s words and to the Verses of the Noble Qur’an. Ammar ibn Yasir’s heart was full of belief as streams are full of rain water. When Ammar ibn Yasir and Suhaib wanted to leave al-Arqam’s house, Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said to them: Stay here till evening.

Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was afraid that Quraish would hurt them. Ammar ibn Yasir waited until it got dark. Then he left al-Arqam’s house and hurried towards his house. His father Yasir ibn Amir and mother Sumayyah bint Khabbab were waiting for him anxiously. When Ammar ibn Yasir entered, the little house was full of happiness. He began telling his parents about Islam, Allah’s religion.

Hence, Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) was one of the earliest converts to Islam, and the first Muslim to build a mosque in his own house in which he used to worship Allah.

Abu Jahl heard that Ammar ibn Yasir became a Muslim. So, he got crazy. Abu Jahl led a group of polytheists and went to Yasir’s house. Torches were in their hands. They burnt the house and took Ammar ibn Yasir, Yasir ibn Amir and Sumayyah bint Khabbab to a desert outside Makkah.

Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu)They chained and began torturing them. First, they whipped them till blood flowed out. Then they brought torches and began burning their bodies. But that small family went on their firm belief in Islam. Abu Jahl brought rocks and put them on their chests. They were breathing hard. Still they were believers. It was noon, the heat was intense. Abu Jahl and the polytheists came back to Makkah. They left Yasir’s family in the intense heat of the sun.

In the meantime, Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) passed by the family. When he saw them he wept and said: Yasir’s family, be patient! Your reward will be Paradise!

Sumayyah bint Khabbab said with belief: I confess that you are Allah’s Prophet. And your promise is true.

The criminals came back, Abu Jahl was in advance. There was a long spear in his hand and he began torturing them savagely, until Ammar ibn Yasir, Yasir ibn Amir and Sumayyah bint Khabbab were unconscious. So the criminals showered them with water. When they gain conscious back, Abu Jahl shouted at Sumayyah bint Khabbab stormily: Praise our gods; dispraise Prophet Muhammad!

Sumayyah bint Khabbab spit onto his face and said: How bad you and your gods are!

Abu Jahl boiled in anger. Thus, he raised his spear high and stabbed into the belly of Sumayyah bint Khabbab until she died. For this reason, Sumayyah bint Khabbab became the first martyr in the history of Islam. Then Abu Jahl began kicking Yasir ibn Amir on the belly savagely until he died too.

Ammar ibn Yasir saw what happened to his parents and wept. Then Abu Jahl shouted angrily at him: If you don’t praise our gods, I will kill you too!

Ammar ibn Yasir could not endure that cruel torture. So he reluctantly said: Hubal (an idol) is great! Ammar ibn Yasir praised their idols to save himself from torture. So they unchained and left him.

Ammar ibn Yasir went weeping to Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). He was not weeping for his parents or for himself or for the torture he had suffered – he wept because he praised the polytheists’ idols.

Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) consoled Ammar ibn Yasir on his parent’s martyrdom. Ammar ibn Yasir went on weeping. Then he said: Allah’s Prophet, the polytheists did not release me until they forced me to praise their gods!

Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said kindly: Ammar, what about your heart?

Ammar ibn Yasir answered: Allah’s Prophet, my heart’s certain of faith.

Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, don’t worry! Allah sent down a verse concerning you: “Not, he who is compelled while his heart is at rest because of his faith.”

The condition of the Muslims in Makkah became critical. So, Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) ordered his companions to immigrate to Yathrib (Madina al-Munawara).

Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) was one of those who migrated to Yathrib (Madina al-Munawara) following the orders of Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

Yathrib (Madina al-Munawara)After reaching Yathrib (Madina al-Munawara), Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) first thought of building a mosque so that the Muslims would worship Allah alone. In the meantime it would be a symbol for the Muslims strength and a castle for the Muslim nation.

With enthusiasm, the Muslims or Sahaba (Companions of Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)) began building the Holy Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) Mosque in Yathrib (Madina al-Munawara).

Some Muslims were carrying dust. Some were making bricks and some were carrying the dried bricks to make the walls. Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was also working along with his Sahaba (Companions of Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)). Ammar ibn Yasir, though covered with dust, was working actively.

Each Muslim was carrying a brick. But Ammar ibn Yasir was carrying two bricks. For this reason, Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said to him: They (the Muslims) will get a reward; you will get two rewards.

To encourage his Muslim brothers, Ammar ibn Yasir repeated the following enthusiastic words: Those who build the mosque do not equal those who avoid dust.

Days and months passed. Allah, the Glorified, wanted to punish those who persecuted the Muslims in Makkah and robbed them of their belongings and money.

The Muslims heard that the polytheists had formed an army. Abu Jahl headed the army and he was heading for Yathrib (Madina al-Munawara).

Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) asked the advice of his Sahaba (Companions of Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)). Finally, he took a decision to face the polytheists. Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) sent Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) and Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (Radiyallahu Anhu) to get him information about the polytheists’ army.

Ammar ibn Yasir was brave. He approached the polytheist’s caravans and went round their camp to collect information.

Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) and Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (Radiyallahu Anhu) came back to Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and informed about their low spirits.

In the morning, when the polytheists woke, they found strange footprints. Munbih bin al-Hajjaj had a good knowledge of footprints, said: By al-Lat and al-Uzza (idols), these are Ammar ibn Yasir’s and Abdullah ibn Mas’ud’s footprints.

On the morning of 17th Ramadan, 2 AH, the great Battle of Badr, the first battle in the history of Islam, took place. In this battle of Badr, Allah granted the believers victory over the polytheists.

Ammar ibn Yasir was fighting with enthusiasm. When the polytheists escaped, Ammar ibn Yasir saw Abu Jahl. So, he remembered those days when Abu Jahl tortured the Muslims and tortured his parents. Now, the swords of the persecuted got revenge on the unjust. Ammar ibn Yasir looked at the sky and thanked Allah, then Glorified, for his victory.

Now, Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) was sixty years old. However, he was more eager than the young men to strive for Allah. Ammar ibn Yasir deeply believed in Allah. He loved the Prophet of humanity, Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) also loved his old friend, Ammar ibn Yasir and praised him on several occasions.

Sahaba StoriesMany traditions are narrated from the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) about Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) regarding his virtues, outstanding traits and his glorious deeds, such as the tradition which Hazrat Ayesha and other have narrated that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) himself had said that: “Ammar was filled with faith from the crown of his head to the soles of his feet.”

In another tradition the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said about Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu): “Ammar is with the truth and the truth is with Ammar. He turns wherever the truth turns. Ammar is as near to me as an eye is near to the nose. Alas! A rebellious group will kill him.”

Also in the decisive and widely known tradition which al-Bukhari, at-Tirmidhi, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, and all the narrators of Islamic traditions and historians transmitted through twenty-five Companions that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said about Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu): “Alas! A rebellious group which swerves from the truth will murder Ammar. Ammar will be calling them towards Paradise and they will be calling him towards Hell. His killer and those who strip him of arms and clothing will be in Hell.”

Days, months and years passed. Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir (Radiyallahu Anhu) was one of the most trusted and loyal companion (Sahabi E Rasool) of our Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), he was always with Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and always striving for Allah against the enemies of Islam and humanity. Ammar ibn Yasir (May Allah be pleased with him) continue …

Story No. 6 – Abuzar Ghaffari

Hazrat Abu Zar’s real name was Jandab ibn Junadah ibn Sakan, better known as Abu Dhar al-Ghaffari, or Abu Thar al-Ghaffari. Hazrat Abu Zar’s Kunniya was Abu Zar, which is because his eldest son was named Zar (this word in Arabic means ‘fragrance’). By one estimate, Abu Zar was born in 568 AD, which means Abu Zar was two years older than the Prophet Muhammad (saw).

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu / May God be pleased with him) had belonged to an Arab tribe by the name of Ghaffar, hence his last name.

Abu Zar was most unhappy about the custom of Idol-worship that was rampant in Arabia of the 7th century. He had already believed in a Supreme God and he would spend most of his time reflecting on that.

As news of the Prophet’s mission spread in Arabia, it also arrived in the tribe of Ghafaar. Abu Zar heard of it. It was something that he himself had been thinking about. He sent his brother to go to Hijaz, find out about the new message and report back. His brother did that. Abu Zar found the news and the report from his brother encouraging.

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) then decided to meet with the Prophet Muhammad (saw) personally. This was the time when Islam had only collected a handful of converts. He was first met with Imam Ali bin Abi Talib who introduced him to his own father Abu Talib. Abu Talib took him to Hazrat Hamza. After a thorough security check, Abu Zar was finally introduced to the Prophet Muhammad (saw).

Shahada: I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and Mohammad is His Servant and MessengerIt is said that Abu Zar said Salam to the Prophet Muhammad (saw). That was long before the Islamic Salam was introduced into the early Muslim culture of Arabia. Abu Zar was taken by the charm, the majesty and the kindness of the Prophet Muhammad (saw). He said his Shahada (I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and Mohammad is His Servant and Messenger) and accepted Islam, so did his brother.

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) hung around in Makkah for few days. During those few days he made a couple of speeches in the temple grounds. He was immediately subdued by the infidels and actually was beaten up badly. Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Mutalib, the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) came to his rescue both times and the incidents were reported to the Prophet Muhammad (saw). Prophet Muhammad (saw) called him and advised him to go back to his tribe of Ghaffar and stay there until he (Prophet Muhammad (saw)) goes to Yathrib (Madina) and Muslims had established themselves. Hence Abu Zar went back home and under the influence of both sons, their mother also accepted Islam.

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) has had the reputation of being an outspoken orator and he always spoke his mind whatever the consequences. He and his brother began speaking about their new faith among his tribesmen. Immediately there was resentment against Abu Zar and his brother among the young men of the tribe. Finally the issue was reported to the chief of the tribe. Abu Zar had a lot of respect in the tribe. However, when the chief called him and his brother, they both had to appear before him. He questioned Abu Zar and his brother about the trouble that both of them had started. Abu Zar pleaded his case with strength of reason but with due respect and compassion. The chief reflected on what Abu Zar had said and after some reflection he announced his own Islam. A great number of the young men also accepted Islam after that turn of events. Abu Zar continued to teach Islam to his people.

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) is reported to be the fourth Muslim in chronological order. He had the exclusive honour to call the Prophet Muhammad (saw) as Ya Habibi (my dear friend), while everybody else could only address him as Ya Rasool Allah. Abu Zar finally arrived in Madina after the Battle of Ahzab / Battle of the Trench (5th year of Hijra) and spent the rest of the days in the company of the Prophet Muhammad (saw).

During those few years in Madina, Abu Zar became very friendly with Imam Ali bin Abi Talib. The four people named Salman al-Farsi, Abu Zar Ghaffari, Miqdad bin Aswad and Ammar Yasir were always seen in the company of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib. They came to be known as the Shia.

Companion of Prophet Muhammad (Sahabi E Rasool)In the 9th year of Hijra, the Prophet Muhammad (saw) prepared a large contingent to confront the Romans and moved out towards Tabuk. Imam Ali bin Abi Talib was appointed the administrator of Madina. Abu Zar also accompanied the Prophet Muhammad (saw). However, at that time, he had a very weak and old camel. It could not keep up with the rest of the group. Finally, when he was left behind by a great distance, he left the camel, took a back-pack and decided to walk. Finally, people saw Abu Zar coming and they reported to the Prophet Muhammad (saw) that Abu Zar was coming on foot. The Prophet Muhammad (saw) looked at him and said: “This is Abu Zar, my companion (Sahabi). He is walking alone, he will live alone, and one day, die alone. A group of strangers from Iraq will take care of his funeral and bury him.”

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) lived a pious life and spent his days in prayer and worship. His daily meal used to be a handful of dates. He lived a contented life, always spoke the truth and he was firm in his faith.

Once someone asked him that he was always seen in one pair of clothes. Abu Zar replied: Yes, I had another pair of clothes but I saw some one who needed it more than I did. How could I keep a second pair of clothes while there was another person who did not have even one? That one episode speaks volumes of the thinking of Abu Zar.

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) seems to have kept a very low profile after the passing of our Prophet Muhammad (saw) and during the first two Caliphates of both Abu Bakr and Umar ibn Khattab.

During the third Caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan, things moved from good to bad and from bad to worse. Uthman refused to take advice from his well-wishers such as Imam Ali bin Abi Talib and Abdur-Rahman bin Awf.

When Uthman ibn Affan began misappropriating the public treasury for his own use and began distributing it lavishly on his cousins and in-laws, Abu Zar become active again and began reacting to it.

Uthman ibn Affan was very displeased about that. When Abu Zar’s activities became unbearable for him, Uthman ibn Affan ordered a complete boycott of Abu Zar. No one was allowed to speak to him in the Masjid, nobody was allowed to visit him or invite him to his place.

Abu Zar’s voice, in spite of all that, was hard to silence. When Uthman ibn Affan was not able to silence Abu Zar then, he ordered Abu Zar to be transported to Muawiyah in Damascus, Syria.

What Abu Zar saw in Damascus was even worse. People were building palaces for themselves and living in luxury. He realized that all that was a far cry from the Islamic heritage that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) had given to the community. He built a hut out of blankets on the outskirts of the city and began living in that with his family.

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu)One day Abu Zar passed by the location where Muawiyah was having his Green Palace built. He went upto Muawiyah and said: “O Muawiyah, if you are spending Allah’s wealth in this project, you are being dishonest because you are embezzling Allah’s wealth; if this is being built of your personal wealth then it is disgusting extravagance.” Muawiyah could not say a word in reply.

Abu Zar then proceeded to the central mosque. He stood among the people and delivered a speech. People began to gather round Abu Zar and listen to his discourses. The poor and the dispossessed were attracted to him and the rich were scared of him.

A man named Habib bin Muslim Fehri saw all this and said to himself: This is a big Fitna. He then went up to Muawiyah and said: “If you wish to continue to rule over Syria, do something about Abu Zar, otherwise he will bring a revolution here.”

Muawiyah was greatly perturbed. He considered it one of his great failures if he could not control one old ‘fool’ such as Abu Zar. First Muawiyah tried to silence Abu Zar by bribing him. He sent three hundred Dinar to Abu Zar. He immediately returned it to him saying: “I do not need your money.”

As Abu Zar was openly criticizing Muawiyah by name in the mosque, one person bent over and whispered in his ear: “What are you saying against the ruler? Be afraid of his wrath.” Abu Zar turned to him and said:” My friend (meaning the Prophet Muhammad (saw)) had advised me to speak the truth at all times even if it is bitter, and not to be afraid of any critic in truth’s path. I pray to Allah: O Allah, I ask your protection against cowardice, save me from being miserly, I do not wish for long life, I ask Allah’s forgiveness from this world and the Hellfire in the other world.”

Then he said: “People are preparing various kinds of food, then they take medicine to digest that food (so that they can eat even more). The Prophet Muhammad (saw) passed on and he never took his fill with two meals in any one day. When he ate dates he would not take bread that day. The people of the House of the Prophet never ate barley bread for three contiguous days, until the Prophet Muhammad (saw) met up with his Lord. Many times months would change and no fire would burn in his kitchen.”

Someone asked: “How did he then survive?” Abu Zar replied, ‘he would eat dates and then take a drink of water. Man needs only enough food so that he keeps his strength. Never eat to your fill, because that creates laziness and lethargy. It destroys your body and brings illness and disease. Live a moderate life.’

Abu Zar continued with his preaching to the wealthy. Finally, one day, Muawiyah called him. He came. Muawiyah sat him down next to himself. Food was served. The place was filled with all kinds of delicious dishes. Muawiyah invited him to eat. Abu Zar refused. He said: “I only eat a handful of wheat (flour) in a week. This is what I used to do during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) and I will continue with that practice until I will pass on and meet up with my friend.”

Addressing Muawiyah he said: ‘You have changed your life style. It wasn’t like this. You eat bread made of strained flour. You have many different dishes at a time; you eat all kinds of colourful foods. You change into a new dress twice-a-day. You were not like that during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (saw). During that period you lived like a beggar.’

Muawiyah tried all kinds of tricks against Abu Zar but Abu Zar defeated every one of them. Finally, he banished Abu Zar to the area of JABAL AAMIL (this is located in present day Lebanon, in that time the larger country of Shaam (Syria) contained all of today’s Syria, Lebanon, parts of Jordan and all of the country of Israel.)

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu), said: I have heard the Prophet Muhammad (saw) saying: Do you listen, indeed amongst you the example of my Ahlul Bayt is like that of Noah’s boat; whoever boards it, he obtains Najat (safety) and one who missed it, he stood doomed to destruction.
The people of that area were not very rich but they were nice people and very hospitable. That time Abu Zar lived in that area, he introduced those people to the glory of Ahlul Bayt. This too was totally against Muawiyah’s policies. Muawiyah’s propaganda in that area was that actually Banu Umayya were the Ahlul Bayt and their love had been made wajib (compulsory) on Muslims. When he saw that Abu Zar countered his trick by glorifying the family of the Prophet, he called him back and then wrote a letter to Caliph Uthman ibn Affan complaining about Abu Zar’s activities.

Caliph Uthman ibn Affan replied as follows: “We have received your letter about Abu Zar. As soon as you receive this letter, arrange a fast camel, put Abu Zar on it, arrange a very harsh camel-driver and send him to Madina post haste.”

On Muawiyah’s orders, Abu Zar was dispatched quickly without even letting him take his family with him. By the time Abu Zar arrived in Madina (riding that camel) the flesh of both his thighs had been torn.

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) was presented to Caliph Uthman ibn Affan in an open assembly. Caliph Uthman ibn Affan said to him: “I have been told that you narrate a hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) that when the number of the men of Banu Umayya (in power) would come upto thirty, they would use Allah’s Kingdom as their personal property, they would treat the worshippers of Allah as their personal servants and would corrupt and misuse Allah’s Law (for their own advantage).”

Abu Zar replied that, yes, he had heard the Prophet Muhammad (saw) saying all that. Caliph Uthman ibn Affan asked the assembly whether or not they all had heard that hadith. He then called Imam Ali bin Abi Talib and asked him the same question. Imam Ali bin Abi Talib confirmed what Abu Zar had said. Caliph Uthman ibn Affan then asked for the evidence to that. Imam Ali bin Abi Talib said that the clearest evidence to that was another statement of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) in which he had said, “The skies have not given shade to, and the earth has not carried any speaker more truthful and honest than Abu Zar.”

Only a few days had gone by after that event that Caliph Uthman ibn Affan sent him a message that by Allah he would be banished from Madina. Abu Zar (confronted Uthman) and said to him: “Are you going to banish me away from the City of the Prophet?” He replied, “Yes.” Abu Zar asked, “Are you going to send me off to Makkah?” He said, “No.” Abu Zar then asked, “To Basra?” He said, “No.” Abu Zar then asked, “To Kufa, then?” He said, “No, I am going to throw you out to Rabza, where you came from and, I wish you would die there.” Caliph Uthman ibn Affan then turned to Marwan and ordered him to escort Abu Zar out of Madina and not to let anyone else see him off or speak to him. So, Marwan put Abu Zar and his daughter on a camel and escorted them out of Madina.

As Abu Zar was being escorted out of Madina, Imam Ali bin Abi Talib came to see him off with his sons, his brother Aqeel, Abd Allah bin Jafar, and Ammar Yasir. Marwan tried to stop them saying, “Let me tell you, if you do not already know, that Amir al-Momineen Uthman ibn Affan has prohibited everyone to come and see Abu Zar off.” Imam Ali bin Abi Talib hit the camel Marwan was riding and said, “Get out of my place, may Allah throw you in Hell fire.”

Imam Ali bin Abi Talib walked with Abu Zar. He cried and wept saying, “O Ahlul Bayt, may Allah have Mercy upon you. O Abul Hasan, when I see you and your children, I am reminded of the Prophet Muhammad (saw).”

Prophet Muhammad (saw) said to Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu): Make more effort in guarding the moments of your life in comparison to protecting dirhams and dinars (money).
Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) stayed in Rabza until the time of his death. During the last moments of his life, his daughter said to him, “I am alone in this part of the country and I am afraid that I will not be able to protect you from the wild beasts.” Abu Zar replied: “Do not be afraid, in a few moments some believing men would arrive here, do you see someone approaching?” The daughter replied: “No, I do not see anyone coming.” Abu Zar said: “That means I have a few more moments to live.” He repeated his question to the daughter after a while. She said: “Yes, I see some riders approaching.”

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu) said: “Allahu Akbar, Allah and his Prophet Muhammad (saw) are really truthful. Turn my face towards the Qibla. When these riders arrive here, say my Salam to them. When they are done with my funeral rites, have this goat slaughtered for them and tell them that I have asked them under oath not to leave without eating a meal.”

With that statement, Abu Zar breathed his last. When the riders arrived there, who were seven men and among them were Malik Ashtar and Huzayfa al-Yaman, Abu Zar’s daughter told them that her father, Abu Zar, the companion of Prophet Muhammad (Sahabi E Rasool), had just died, and he is without anyone to take care of his funeral. They all wept for Abu Zar, the companion of Prophet Muhammad (Sahabi E Rasool). Then they gave him a funeral bath, enshrouded him, prayed his funeral prayer and buried him. When they were all done with that, Abu Zar’s daughter told them that before dying he had left a message for them under oath that they should not leave without having a meal. They slaughtered the goat, had a meal and then set of towards Madina taking Abu Zar’s daughter with them.

Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (Radhiallahu Anhu), the great companion of Prophet Muhammad (Sahabi E Rasool) died alone in exile with no one by his side as the Prophet Muhammad (saw) had predicted, in 652 CE, at Rabza, in the desert near Medina.

Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) says, “Abu Zar, the companion of Prophet Muhammad (Sahabi E Rasool) wept from fear of Allah until he was almost blind. The people told him to pray for his eyes to get cured but he replied, ‘I am busy with more important things’. When asked what these were, he replied, ‘fear of Hell and joy of Heaven.'” (Taken from Syed-Mohsin Naquvi’s writing with some modifications)

Story No. 2 – Salman, The Persian

According to the investigations and researches of the Arab historians, Salman was born in or around the year 568 A.D., in a small town in Persia called Jiyye. The modern city of Isfahan stands on the site of Jiyye. Incidentally, Salman was not the name given to him at his birth. His Persian name was Rozeba. Many years later when he became a Muslim, his master, Muhammed Mustafa, the Messenger of Allah (May Allah bless him and his Ahlul-Bayt), changed his name to Salman. During the years when he was at the court of his master, Muhammed Mustafa, his friends sometimes, also addressed him, as Abu Abdullah (the father of Abdullah).

Salman’s father was a rich landlord and a powerful political figure in Jiyye and the surrounding areas. He had much prosperity in the city, and vast estates in the country, and he had numerous slaves and many herds of horse. Since Salman was his only son he lavished all his love upon him.

Most Persians (Iranians) in those days were Magians or Zoroastrians (followers of the Persian prophet Zoroaster). Salman was also taught the principles and doctrines of Zoroastrianism. He was in his early teens when he grasped the highly complex, sometimes esoteric doctrines and dogmas of the Persian national belief and soon he knew as much as his own teachers and the priests of the Zoroastrian fire temples of Jiyye did.

In those days in Persia, it was considered a great honor to be a priest in one of the fire-temples. Service in a fire-temple provided the priests with status, prestige and numerous perquisites. Since in Persian also, the priests could reach high position in local and “national” governments, Salman’s father managed to get him appointed as a priest in the local fire-temple while he was only sixteen years old.

For three years, Salman played priest in the fire-temple of Jiyye but then he began to lost interest in his work. It had become too monotonous and wearisome for him. The priests were men of limited vision and limited knowledge and they were too dogmatic. If he posed any creedal question to them, they were, in most cases, unable to answer him; or, they spoke in a language of allusions, historical allegories and parallels.

One day in spring (circa 586 A.D.), Salman’s father had some important business to attend to at one of his country houses. But before he could go to the country, some merchants arrived in Jiyye from the ancient city of Balkh and to entertain them he had to stay in Jiyye itself. He, therefore, asked Salman to go in his stead, and briefed him on what he had to do at the country house.

The following day Salman left Jiyye for his father’s country estate. When Salman had traveled a few miles from the city, he came upon a fork in the road, and standing upon the brow of an eminence, he paused for a few minute to survey the surroundings and to determine the direction of his destination.

The light was now rapidly advancing from the east, and was tinting the landscape. Presently the sun rose and as Salman was still basking in the stream of the rays of the rising sun a grey stone edifice, partly veiled in golden mist, caught his eye. It was some distance from the road, and Salman decided to find out what it was and to whom did it belong. He, therefore, went near it to take a closer look at it.

Salman, propelled by his curiosity, entered the building to investigate. Inside, people were conducting a religious service and a choir was singing a hymn in a foreign language, which he did not understand. When the service was over, one member of the congregation came to him, greeted him, and asked him who he was, and what was the purpose of his visit.

Salman told him who he was, and explained that he wished to know who they were, and what creed they professed. He was taken to the “high priest” who explained to him that they were Christians from Syria and explained to him the Oneness of God, the Day of Judgment, and the role of the Apostles, Messengers and Prophets of God. Salman questioned the Christian priest regarding their beliefs and eventually the priest initiated him into Christianity.

When Salman was late coming home, his father became very anxious. His father sat, hacked with nameless fears and dark forebodings, in the court of his palatial house, surrounded by his friends who were trying to comfort him. Suddenly, Salman entered through the gate. His father threw his arms around him and asked him where he had disappeared.

Salman proceeded to explain to his father that he had ridden past a church of Christians and was with them all day long. His father then said that he hoped that those people hadn’t misled him and his religion and the religion of his forefathers was the right one. Salman refuted his father by proclaiming that their religion was better than Zoroastrianism.

Angered by this, his father threatened him with imprisonment and torture if Salman did not swear that he had not and will not change his religion. Salman, however, refused and was beaten and tortured, and was kept hungry and thirsty in his prison day after day.

One of the servants of Salman’s father was a young man called Mehran. He had reared Salman from his infancy, and he loved him like his own son. Salman knew that he could trust Mehran, and asked him one day if he could put him touch with the Christian priest who might assist him in escaping to Syria.

Mehran was only too glad to give this service to his young master and he arranged for his escape. After a few days Mehran came to see Salman and informed him that a caravan was ready to leave for Syria. The following night Mehran entered his cell, removed the shackles from his feet, gave him a new set of clothes to wear, and led him quietly out of the house while everyone was sound asleep.

Outside the house, a horse was awaiting Salman. He thanked Mehran for his invaluable help, bade him a silent and tearful farewell, and rode out of Jiyye. Upon arrival in the church, Salman thanked his Christian friends for what they were doing him. The priests gave special instructions to the leader of the caravan regarding the welfare of Salman. The high priest then committed Salman to the protection of God. The caravan left Jiyye the same night, and moving at a brisk pace, put considerable distance between itself and the city before daybreak.

The Years in the Wilderness

Nearly a month after its departure from Jiyye in Persia, the caravan arrived in the ancient city of Damascus. Salman had come to the journey’s end but quite frequently; the end of one journey is the beginning of another. Salman too had a new journey ahead of him but he knew that the new journey would be in the realm of spirit.

Salman at this time was in the nineteenth year of his life. He was rangy and muscular, and he had a powerful build. He was endowed with a highly retentive memory, and a most penetrating intelligence. He had a critical and an analytic mind that applied logic to every situation. In his physical characteristics and his mental attributes he surpassed all the young men of his age and generation. Just as he was tall, broad and robust beyond his years, he was also wise, prudent, and sagacious and his experience. Early in his life, he had cultivated a temperate personality. In Jiyye – his hometown – he had riches, luxury, and high status – all within grasp. But he spurned them all, and he did so not withstanding his extreme youth. Instead of seeking power and pleasure, as other young men of his generation did, he made the pursuit of Knowledge and Truth the “vocation” of his life. He was the idealist par excellence.

After leaving Jiyye in Persia, Salman lived in four other cities. He lived for ten years in Damascus, and then during the next twenty years, he lived in Mosul, Nasibin and Ammuria. In each of these cities, he read, studied, observed, and he assimilated all the religious knowledge that was extant. He also spent much time in devotions in the hope of finding the gift of enlightenment and inner peace. But his religious experience during this period was almost entirely subjective. It arose out of and was identified by means of his awareness of his own mental states and psychological processes. There were times when his interior world became so vivid that he lost touch with the exterior world. This alarmed him. One question that arose persistently in his mind was if it was right to turn one’s back upon the world and its problems, and to try to win felicity and inner peace for one’s owns self.

With the passage of time, the specter of doubt began to rear its head in Salman’s thoughts. He felt that Truth – the Ultimate Truth – was still hidden from his, and this after an effort to find it that had spanned more than a quarter century. When Salman was tormented too much by these thoughts, and when he knew he had come to and impasse, he turned to God, and prayed to Him to give him deliverance from doubt and skepticism, and lead him to the destination which He had chosen for him. Little did he know, the light of guidance that he wished and hoped to see, was soon to appear on the horizon.


The last city, in which Salman lived, was Ammuria – a city in the eastern part of Asia Minor – then a province of the Eastern Roman Empire or the Byzantium Empire. It was in Ammuria that he heard, for the first time, vague reports of the appearance, in Makkah in Arabia, of a new prophet. According to these reports, this new prophet forbade the worship of idols and images and preached the doctrine of the absolute sovereignty and Oneness of God.

It occurred to Salman that the Flame of Truth, which he was seeking, might be the one burning in Makkah in Arabia. Suddenly, Makkah appeared to be beckoning him to come. He, therefore, made up his mind to go to Makkah to meet the Arabian prophet as soon as his circumstances would allow, and to interrogate him personally on the problems, which had been perplexing him.

Toward late summer in that year, some travelers arrived in Ammuria from the south. Salman’s enquiries revealed that these travelers were horse traders from a city called Yathrib in Arabia. They told him that after selling their horses, they would return to Damascus to make connection with a caravan that was being “assembled” there for the return journey to Yathrib. Salman met the leader of these horse traders and requested him to allow him to travel with them to Damascus, and thence to Yathrib. In return for his favor, he offered to pay him his modest savings. The Leader of the horse traders agreed.

The journey was long and arduous. But Salman endured the travail with stoical courage. While other travelers rode their camels or horses. Salman walked, a feat of endurance that astonished them.

Eventually, Salman’s carvan arrived in the oasis of Wadi-ul-Qura in the Hijaz, and the leader of the caravan announced that they would halt there for three days and three nights. In this time, Salman made plans for the last leg of his journey from Yathrib to Makkah. What he did not know at this time was that bitter disappointment was lying in wait for him “just around the corner.” They offered Salman for sale to the highest bidder among the Jews. Salman protested that he was not a slave, and could not be sold or bought but he could not produce any “witnesses” who would vouch that he was a free man. His Jewish master made him a prisoner, and the caravan left for its destination without him.

Salman attracted much attention in Wadi-ul-Qura due to his gigantic stature and many showed an interest in buying him. One of the bidders, however, was a cousin of Salman’s master; He lived in Yathrib and visited Wadi-ul-Qura on business. He became so insistent on buying Salman that his (Salman’s) master agreed to sell him.

Before long, in Yathrib also, a competition began among the Jews to buy Salman. His master did not want to sell him but he found one of the offers so attractive that he accepted it, and sold him. The new master sold him again. Thus he passed through many hands. Eventually, a rich Jew – one Uthman bin Ashhel – bought him.

Uthman and the other Jews had never seen a slave like Salman. They noted that he didn’t talk much but whenever he did, he spoke words of profound wisdom. His judgment, they noted, was like the judgment of Solomon himself. His master benefited, not only from his work but also from his advice and his opinions, which he sought from him quite frequently. But he was a vicious and brutal taskmaster, and made Salman work almost non-stop.

Salman’s work was difficult and laborious but he did not allow his adverse circumstances to extinguish the flame that the hope of meeting Muhammed (S.A.W) had kindled in his breast. The hope of meeting Muhammed (S.A.W) revived him each day, there was magic in the name of Muhammad (S.A.W) that never failed to work. Whenever Salman had a rough day, he reminded himself that he had a “rendezvous” with Muhammed (S.A.W), he bounced back.

One morning when Salman began his descent from the top of a tree, he noticed that his master, who sat at its foot, was engaged in talking with a stranger. From this stranger it was gathered that Muhammed (S.A.W) had come to Yathrib and the Aus and Khazraj had taken an oath of loyalty to him. Immediately upon hearing this Salman’s mind constantly wondered how he could finally meet Muhammed (may Allah bless him and his Ahlul-Bayt).

Salman’s Meeting with Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W) and his Induction into Islam

One evening Uthman bin Ashhel was away from the oasis on some business, and Salman availed of the opportunity to realize his wish, He put the ripe and fresh dates which he had earned that day as his wages, in a bag, and went into the city to find Muhammed (may Allah bless him and his family), and to have audience with him.

Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W) was living, at this time, in the house of Hadhret Abu Ayub Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him), as his guest, each step that Salman took toward his destination heightened his anticipation. And then the great moment came. Salman the Persian was escorted into the presence of Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W), the beloved of God, and his (Salman’s) own unseen beloved. His heart was bounding inside his ribs like a bird fluttering in a cage but he was making a supreme effort to steady himself. Suddenly, he was arrested in mid-motion by the vision framed in the arch.

Muhammed Mustafa (may Allah bless him and his family) was seated in the reception room of the house. A few companions sat in front of him. Salman’s first glance fell upon his face, and all at once he felt himself dazzled by a thousand sparkling lights. He heard himself saying quietly: “By God, this cannot be the face of a man who has ever told a lie. If there is any face that can be the face of a messenger of God, that is the face of this man.”

After the exchange of preliminary greeting, Salman stated the purpose of his visit. Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W) told Salman that the message that he had brought, was called Islam, and he explained its meaning to him as total surrender of a man, without reservation, to the Will and pleasure of Allah. Salman could not wait long enough and begged Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W) to admit him to the company of those slaves of Allah who surrender themselves to His Will and His pleasure.

Muahmmed Mustafa, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and his family), thereupon, inducted Salman the Persian into Islam. The first requirement for Salman in this induction was to believe that God was One and had no partners or associates, and that Muhammed was His Messenger. The doctrine of the Oneness of God is called Tauheed, and it is the axis of Islam. The mission of Muhammed as God’s last messenger to mankind is called Risalet. The second requirement for Salman was to declare his faith in Tauheed and in Risalet.

Salman had been enlisted into the service of Allah by His Own Messenger – Muhammed Mustafa(S.A.W) – an honor and a distinction he was to remain proud of all his life, At the same time, he was also admitted into the ranks of his (Muhammed’s) friends.

Induction into Islam was an appropriate occasion for change of Salman’s name. His Persian name was Rozeba. Muhammed Mustafa, the Messenger of Allah, changed it to Salman. Salman loved his new name; he forgot his Persian name, and he is known to history only by his Islamic name.

Then Muhammed Mustafa (may Allah bless him and his family) read, for Salman’s edification, some passages from Quran Majid – the book revealed to him by Heaven – and he was carried away by its magisterial cadences. Those words, which he heard, were “incandescent”. And he sensed that they could not have been put together anywhere but in Heaven itself.

After this momentous event, Salman came to see the Messenger of Allah as often as he could, and each time, he brought, either a present for him or sadaqa (charity) for his companions. He brought only what he had earned as his wages.

It was inevitable that Salman would arouse the curiosity of the Muslims who had seen him; just as earlier, he had, that of the Jews. Eventually, Muhammed Mustafa (may Allah bless him and his Ahlul-Bayt) himself asked him to tell the story of his life. Salman then recounted the saga of his life.

Muhammed Mustafa (may Allah bless him and his Ahlul-Bayt) embraced Salman, kissed him on his forehead, rubbed his hand over his (Salman’s) face, and over his heart; prayed for him, and invoked Allah’s mercy and His blessings upon him. It was a poignant moment in the life of both of them.

Seemingly the long journey for Salman had ended. He had discovered the fountainhead of Eternal Truths and Everlasting Bliss in Islam, and he has become a personal friend of Muhammed Mustafa, the Messenger of Allah. However, his status as a slave hung like a dark cloud over his life.

Muhammed Mustafa (may Allah bless him and his Ahlul-Bayt) who was a mercy for all Creation, was aware of Salman’s distress, and suggested to him one day to ransom his freedom. Salman broached the subject to his master hoping that he would agree to set him free for a ransom. But the latter who knew Salman had become Muslim, refused to ransom him because he believed he would become a soldier in Muhammed’s army and fight against the Jews.

Eventually, however, after the expulsion of two of the three Jewish tribes of Medina, after their betrayals at the Battle of Badr and the Battle of Uhud, Uthman bin Ashhel become a little less unreasonable. Therefore, when Salman broached the subject of paying ransom for his freedom once again, he (Uthman) was willing to listen, and he was willing to negotiate the terms of his emancipation with him.

Uthman specified to Salman the price of his freedom. Salman would have to plant in Uthman’s gardens, three hundred young date palms, and he would pay him 40 oz. of gold.

Salman presented these terms to Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W). The latter, thereupon, turned to his companions, and said to them: “Assist your brother.”

All the companions rose to assist their brother. One of them brought thirty saplings; another brought twenty; a third brought fifteen; a fourth ten, and so on, until they had collected all three hundred as required by the Jew. The Prophet then ordered the companions to dig the earth in which the saplings were to be planted. When the ground was ready for planting, he himself came, and planted the first tree with his own hands. Then the companions took charge of the project, and planted the other trees. Every tree struck roots, and not one out of the three hundred was lost.

Three hundred date palms were planted in the garden of Uthman bin Ashhel but Salman still had to pay 40 oz. of gold to him. He was not free yet.

A few more weeks passed, and then one day Muhammed Mustafa (may Allah bless him and his Ahlul-Bayt) sent for Salman. When the latter came into the Mosque, he noticed that he was seated on the floor, and his companions sat around him. In front of him there was a tray and in the tray there were some nuggets of gold.

The Messenger of Allah gave the gold to Salman and told him to take it and give it to his master as the balance of his ransom.

Suddenly everything changed for Salman. The gulf between slavery and freedom had appeared to him to be unfathomable and unbridgeable. But he had called Allah and His Messenger for aid. They had responded, and with their aid, he had cleared the “gulf.”

Islam and Freedom had extricated Salman from the vast wilderness of time which his past had been until then, and from that moment, he became “future-oriented,” as five years earlier, he had become “Islam-oriented.”

After his emancipation from the slavery of a Jew, Salman the Persian became a slave once again – voluntarily. This time he chose his own master, and they were Allah and His Messenger, Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W). This new “slavery” became his greatest pride and his greatest pleasure.

The Battle of Ahzab or the Siege of Medina

Salman the Persian had just redeemed his freedom when Medina, the capital of Islam, was threatened by an unprecedented peril. In early February 627, Muhammed Mustafa (may Allah bless him and his Ahlul-Bayt), received intelligence that the polytheists of Makkah had completed their preparations for the invasion of Medina with a cavalry and infantry of ten thousand seasoned warriors of Arabia, and also learned that their resolution was to obliterate Islam in one massive, coordinated attack.

The Makkan generals might have captured Medina with their “hit-and-run” fighting strategy but for the presence in that city of a “foreigner” – Salman the Persian. He worked out strategy of his own, and his counter-strategy foiled the Makkan strategy. He said to the Prophet that if a trench, too deep and too wide for the horses to leap over, were dug on the exposed section of the perimeter of the city, it would immobilize the enemy cavalry.

When the trench was being dug, one of Muhajireen who was watching Salman, claimed him as a Muhajir (Immigrant from Makkah). “Salman is one of us, Muhajireen,” he said. But he was at once challenged by the Muslims of Medina (the Ansar) when they heard this, and one of them said: “No. Salman is one of us, Ansar.”

A lively argument began between the two groups of Muslims – the Muhajireen and the Ansar – each of them claiming that Salman belonged to their group, and not to the other group.

Presently, the Apostle of Allah arrived on the scene, and he too heard the argument of the Muhajireen and the Ansar. He was amused by the claims of the two sides but he soon put an end to their argument by saying: “Salman is neither Muhajir nor Ansar. He is one of us. He is one of the People of the House.”

This is the greatest honor ever bestowed upon anyone by Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W), the Messenger of Allah. As recipient of revelations from Heaven, and as its interpreter, he declared that Salman was a member of his house – the Family of the Chosen one of Allah. No one else in the entire history of Islam has ever been elevated to such high rank as Salman the Persian.

Hardly the last spiteful of earth had been cast out of the trench, when the cavaliers of Makkah arrived, thundering across the desert – like a whirlwind. But suddenly they were checked in their career by a strange new obstacle – the trench.

The siege of Medina might have lasted a long time with unpredictable results but it did not. One of the Makkan generals – Amr ibn Abd Wudd – lost patience with this “static” or “un-Arab” mode of fighting, and he decided to change its character by hurdling the trench, and by carrying a “dynamic” or an “Arab” war into the camp of the Muslims. Amr ibn Abd Wudd and three of his staff officers, therefore, went on an inspection of the trench and discovered a rocky projection in it which the Muslims had been unable to cut and used it to jump the trench.

Once inside the perimeter of the city, he boldly advanced toward the encampment of the Muslims, and challenged them to single combat in the classical tradition of Arabian warfare. A duel between Amr ibn Abd Wud and Ali ibn Abi Talib(A.S.) was fought, with Ali being victorious. As soon as Amr fell to the ground, the other three knights who had accompanied him hastily retreated across the trench.

The death of Amr ibn Abd Wud was the deathblow to the morale and the will-to-fight of the Makkan army. All its hopes for quick victory over the Muslims had lain in him, and with his death, it began to fall apart.

The failure of the Siege of Medina in 627 was a most significant even in the history of Islam and of Arabia. It meant that the infidels of Makkah could never be able to mount another invasion of Medina – the fortress of Islam. The successful defense of Medina made Islam “invulnerable.” After the battle of Ahzab, the initiative passed, finally and irreversibly, from the infidels of Makkah to the Muslims of Medina, and Islam was able to move into a position of dominance in the Peninsula.

The Death of Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W), the Blessed Messenger of Allah

Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W) was the sun and moon of the world of Salman, and with his death, it was plunged into darkness. Salman had known disaster and tragedy in life but the loss of his friend, Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W), was the most staggering blow to him ever. It was a shock from which, he thought, he might never recover. He felt as if he might lose his grip on life itself. He was 65-years old when his master Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W) died.

Next to Muhammed Mustafa, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bles him and his Ahlul-Bayt), his first cousin, Ali ibn Abi Talib(A.S.), was the focus of Salman’s live and devotion, The love of Muhammed and Ali was, for him, the perpetual and unfailing touchstone of the faith of a Muslim. He loved and served Ali with the same zeal as he had served Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W).

In June 656, Ali ibn Abi Talib(A.S.) ascended the throne of the caliphate in Medina as the successor of Muhammed Mustafa, The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and his Ahlul-Bayt). One of his first acts, upon taking charge of the government of the Muslims, was to appoint Salman el-Farsi the governor of the city and the districts of Madaen in Iraq.

At this time, Salman was quite advanced in years. But thanks to his abstemiousness, and to the Spartan discipline he had imposed upon himself all his life, he was in top physical and mental condition.

He left Medina on his 800 miles long journey to Madaen carrying online a “sajjada” made of palm-leaf on which to say prayers, a bag containing crusts of barley bread, a water bag made of goat skin, a cup and a pillow. These were all his worldly possessions. However, by the time he arrived at his destination he had given all these things away, except the “sajjada”, because he saw others in need of these items.

Unfortunately within a few weeks of his arrival Salman the Persian, the slave of Allah, and the bosom friend of Muhammed Mustafa (S.A.W) and Ali ibn Abi Talib (A.S.), died. He was 88 years old at his death, and was buried in Madaen.

May Allah be pleased with His loving salve, Salman el-Farsi, and may He overwhelm his soul with His Bounty, Grace and Mercy.